Consumers can now find CBD in practically anything from soaps to gummy bears. The safe and non-psychoactive cannabinoid has become extremely popular as a dietary supplement, especially as hemp products are now legal to buy and use across the United States. But while many people use them, consumers may wonder just how is CBD made?
CBD initially comes from cannabis and hemp plants. It’s a naturally occurring cannabinoid produced by the plants. However, in order to make its way into products, producers extract CBD in numerous ways. The process of infusing CBD into products is also dependent on the kind of product- you can even make some CBD products yourself. Here’s a guide on how CBD is made.
How is CBD Made?
To make CBD products, CBD must first be extracted from cannabis or hemp plants. CBD is one of the many chemical compounds or cannabinoids found in cannabis sativa plants. While it can be found in marijuana plants, it’s usually extracted from hemp plants in order to get the maximum amount of CBD with low THC levels.
Hemp growers often clone hemp plants with high levels of CBD and low levels of THC to result in the best possible plants for CBD. This enables hemp producers to extract as much CBD as possible to create legal, hemp-derived CBD products.
These plants are usually grown on high scale hemp farms, although it is possible to grow hemp plants from home. Once the plants are fully grown, excess plant parts are cut and the flowers of the plants are harvested, dried, and cured. This leaves growers with hemp flower chock full of cannabinoids.
In order to extract the CBD from the flowers, they must be put through an extraction process. There are many different extraction processes, usually involving solvents, alcohol or other methods to separate the CBD from the rest of the plant matter. The products also go through a process called winterization, which involves subjecting them to cold in order to remove lipids, fatty acids, and other unwanted components.
Initially, hemp plants contain CBDA. CBDA is converted into CBD via a process called decarboxylation. This involves heating the flower at a moderate heat for a long time in order to activate the cannabidiol. The CBD is then infused into various different kinds of products.
How is CBD Oil Made?
CBD Oil or CBD Tincture is generally the most popular kind of CBD product you’ll find. Many other kinds of CBD products are infused with CBD Oil, which means making CBD Oil is often the first priority for CBD producers.
There are a few different methods to make CBD Oil. Most manufacturers use CO2 extraction. This involves using complex lab equipment to force CO2 through the plant to extract CBD Oil. Another common method is by soaking hemp in grain alcohol or methanol, which results in a CBD-infused liquid. The solvent is then evaporated so that just CBD is left.
CBD Oils are often put through extra distillation processes to remove unwanted parts and then mixed with a carrier oil such as MCT Oil. Carrier oils make it much easier for the body to absorb CBD as well as making it taste better.
How are CBD Edibles Made?
CBD Edibles have become a highly popular way to consume CBD. These are food products which are infused with CBD, making for a tasty and healthy snack. The processes used to make these edibles can vary, especially as there are many different kinds of CBD Edibles.
Edibles are often made by infusing CBD Oil into foods. By infusing it into cooking oil, it can be used in all kinds of meals and recipes to create products such as baked goods. It’s also easy to infuse CBD Oil into things like gummy sweets and honey.
You can even make your own edibles by adding CBD Oil to various recipes. Alternatively, hemp can also be decarboxylated and cooked into butter or oil to infuse the CBD. The resulting product can then be used to create all kinds of edible products. However, it’s much easier to use CBD Tincture or CBD Isolate for cooking edibles.
Similarly, CBD can also be infused into beverages. CBD Tincture can easily be added to things like coffee, smoothies, and even cocktails. There are many CBD Drink Recipes you can try at home.
How are CBD Topicals Made?
CBD Topicals are another popular type of CBD product which are actually quite easy to make. These products come in many different forms, created by infusing CBD Oil into topical products such as creams, balms, and lotions.
CBD Salve is made by heating and mixing CBD Oil with beeswax and coconut oil. The resulting liquid is then poured into a container and cooled. Other ingredients such as essential oils can also be added to provide extra benefits for the skin when the topical is applied.
The process of making other topicals is fairly similar. For instance, CBD Lotion and CBD Cream are made in the same way but with extra added water to change the consistency of the resulting product. Various other ingredients are often added to enhance the effects and the scent of topicals.
There are various other kinds of topical products such as CBD Bath Bombs and Soaps. These usually take more steps but are also made by infusing CBD Oil into regular recipes for topical products.
CBD starts out as CBDA, a cannabinoid in raw hemp plants. Through a rigorous extraction and distillation process, CBD Oil is made. CBD Oil can be used in all kinds of ways. Infusing it with a carrier oil creates CBD Tincture, but it can also be infused into food, drinks, topical products, vape juices, and all kinds of other creations.
Consumers can even create their own CBD products by infusing CBD Tincture or CBD Isolate into recipes. However, it’s also easier than ever to buy CBD products online for delivery. As long as CBD products are made from hemp and contain less than 0.3% THC, they’re legal to buy and use across the United States.